Journal of Hospital Medicine – Nov. 2017

Sustainability in the AAP Bronchiolitis Quality Improvement Project


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) bronchiolitis clinical practice guideline recommendations improved significantly through the AAP’s multi-institutional collaborative the Bronchiolitis Quality Improvement Project (BQIP). We assessed sustainability of improvements at participating institutions for 1 year following completion of the collaborative.

METHODS: Twenty-one multidisciplinary hospital-based teams provided monthly data for key inpatient bronchiolitis measures during baseline and intervention bronchiolitis seasons. Nine sites provided data in the season following completion of the collaborative. Encounters included children younger than 24 months who were hospitalized for bronchiolitis without comorbid chronic illness, prematurity, or intensive care. Changes between baseline-, intervention-, and sustainability-season data were assessed using generalized linear mixed-effects models with site-specific random effects. Differences between hospital characteristics, baseline performance, and initial improvement among sites that did and did not participate in the sustainability season were compared.

RESULTS: A total of 2,275 discharges were reviewed, comprising 995 baseline, 877 intervention, and 403 sustainability-season encounters. Improvements in all key bronchiolitis quality measures achieved during the intervention season were maintained during the sustainability season, and orders for intermittent pulse oximetry increased from 40.6% (95% confidence interval, 22.8-61.1) to 79.2% (95% CI, 58.0-91.3). Sites that did and did not participate in the sustainability season had similar characteristics.

DISCUSSION: BQIP participating sites maintained improvements in key bronchiolitis quality measures for 1 year following the project’s completion. This approach, which provided an evidence-based best-practice toolkit while building the quality-improvement capacity of local interdisciplinary teams, may support performance gains that persist beyond the active phase of the collaborative.

Also in JHM this month

The effect of an inpatient smoking cessation treatment program on hospital readmissions and length of stayAUTHORS: Eline M. van den Broek-Altenburg, MS, MA, Adam J. Atherly, PhD

Treatment trends and outcomes in healthcare-associated pneumoniaAUTHORS: Sarah Haessler, MD; Tara Lagu, MD, MPH; Peter K. Lindenauer, MD, MSc; Daniel J. Skiest, MD; Aruna Priya, MA, MSc; Penelope S. Pekow, PhD; Marya D. Zilberberg, MD, MPH; Thomas L. Higgins, MD, MBA; Michael B. Rothberg, MD, MPH

What’s the purpose of rounds? A qualitative study examining the perceptions of faculty and studentsAUTHORS: Oliver Hulland; Jeanne Farnan, MD, MHPE; Raphael Rabinowitz; Lisa Kearns, MD, MS; Michele Long, MD; Bradley Monash, MD; Priti Bhansali, MD; H. Barrett Fromme, MD, MHPE

Association between anemia and fatigue in hospitalized patients: does the measure of anemia matter?AUTHORS: Micah T. Prochaska, MD, MS; Richard Newcomb, BA; Graham Block, BA; Brian Park, BA; David O. Meltzer MD, PhD

Helping seniors plan for posthospital discharge needs before a hospitalization occurs: Results from the randomized control trial of planyourlifespan.orgAUTHORS: Lee A. Lindquist, MD, MPH, MBA; Vanessa Ramirez-Zohfeld, MPH; Priya D. Sunkara, MA; Chris Forcucci, RN, BSN; Dianne S. Campbell, BS; Phyllis Mitzen, MA; Jody D. Ciolino, PhD; Gayle Kricke, MSW; Anne Seltzer, LSW; Ana V. Ramirez, BA; Kenzie A. Cameron, PhD, MPH

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