Dr. Gottlieb said that health IT companies could add new functions that would improve EHRs, but they have been reluctant to do so because they didn’t want their products to fall under FDA jurisdiction. He added that he was “not calling” for FDA to take over such a duty, however, and suggested that any new approach could be years away. Proponents have long argued that widespread use of EHRs can make medicine safer by alerting doctors to potential medical errors, though critics counter that software glitches and user errors may cause new varieties of medical mistakes.
How closely the FDA should watch over the digital medical record revolution has been controversial for years. The agency’s interest in the issue perked up after Congress decided in February 2009 to spend billions of dollars on digital medical records as part of an economic stimulus program.
At the time, many industry groups argued that FDA regulation would “stifle innovation” and stall the national drive to bring medicine into the modern era. Federal officials responsible for doling out billions in subsidies to doctors and hospitals generally sympathized with that view and were skeptical of allowing the FDA to play a role.
The debate became public in February 2010, when, an FDA official, testified at a public hearing that the agency had tied 6 deaths and more than 200 injuries to health information technology. In all, the FDA said, it had logged 260 reports in the previous 2 years of “malfunctions with the potential for patient harm.”
The agency said the findings were based largely on reports voluntarily submitted to the FDA and suggested “significant clinical implications and public safety issues.” In one case cited, lab tests done in a hospital emergency department were sent to the wrong patient’s file. Since then, several government and private repositories have associated thousands of injuries, near misses, and deaths to EHR technology.
Dr. Shuren said in 2010 that the agency recognized that health information technology had great potential to improve patient care, but also needed oversight to “assure patient safety.”
While some safety proponents agree that EHRs offer tremendous benefits, they also see a greater opportunities to improve their safety.
, a professor of bioinformatics and bioengineering at the University of Texas, Houston, said EHRs have improved safety within the health care system, but they have not eliminated errors to the extent that he would have expected. Federal officials were initially pushing for rapid adoption and ‘there wasn’t a lot of interest in talking about things that could go wrong,’ ” Dr. Sittig told KHN and Fortune.
Earlier in March, Gottlieb announced hisfrom the FDA. His last day is scheduled to be April 5.
is a nonprofit national health policy news service. It is an editorially independent program of the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation that is not affiliated with Kaiser Permanente. KHN correspondents Sarah Jane Tribble, Sydney Lupkin, and Julie Rovner contributed to this report.