The SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin (Farxiga) successfully met the primary endpoint of the phase 3 DAPA-HF trial in patients with heart failure, according to a press release from AstraZeneca.
DAPA-HF is an international, multicenter, parallel group, randomized, double-blind trial in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction with or without type 2 diabetes. Patients in the study received either 10 mg dapagliflozin or placebo, and the primary outcome was time to a worsening heart failure event or to cardiovascular death. Patients who received dapagliflozin had a statistically significant reduction in incidence of cardiovascular death and an increase in time to a heart failure event.
The adverse events reported for dapagliflozin in DAPA-HF matched the established safety profile for the drug, AstraZeneca noted in the press release.
“The benefits of dapagliflozin in DAPA-HF are very impressive, with a substantial reduction in the primary composite outcome of cardiovascular death or hospital admission. We hope these exciting new findings will ultimately help reduce the terrible burden of disease caused by heart failure and help improve outcomes for our patients,” said John McMurray, MD, of the Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences at the University of Glasgow.
Another dapagliflozin trial, called DELIVER, is focused on 4,700 patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction randomized to dapagliflozin (Farxiga) or placebo. That is due to be completed next year.
The full results from DAPA-HF will be presented at a later date.