The new changes affect canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin, and ertugliflozin, and were made because surgery may put patients being treated with SGLT2 inhibitors at a higher risk of ketoacidosis. Canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, and empagliflozin should be discontinued 3 days before scheduled surgery, and ertugliflozin should be stopped at least 4 days before, the agency noted in a press release. Blood glucose should be monitored after drug discontinuation and appropriately managed before surgery.
“The SGLT2 inhibitor may be restarted once the patient’s oral intake is back to baseline and any other risk factors for ketoacidosis are resolved,” the agency added.
SGLT2 inhibitors lower blood sugar by causing the kidney to remove sugar from the body through urine. Side effects for the drugs vary, but include urinary tract infections and genital mycotic infection. Patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease, who are on dialysis treatment, or who have a known hypersensitivity to the medication should not take SGLT2 inhibitors, the FDA said.