Background: Rates of LDL-C reduction with statin therapy vary based on biological and genetic factors, as well as adherence. In a general primary prevention population at cardiovascular risk, little is known about the extent of this variability or its impact on outcomes.
Study design: Prospective cohort study.
Setting: Primary care practices in England and Wales.
Synopsis: Across a cohort of 183,213 patients, 51.2% had a suboptimal response, defined as a less than 40% proportional reduction in LDL-C. During more than 1 million person-years of follow-up, suboptimal statin response at 2 years was associated with a 20% higher hazard ratio for incident cardiovascular disease.Bottom line: Half of patients do not have a sufficient response to statins, with higher attendant future risk.
Citation: Akyea RK et al. Suboptimal cholesterol response to initiation of statins and future risk of cardiovascular disease. Heart. 2019 Apr 15;0:1-7. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2018-314253.
Dr. Anderson is chief, hospital medicine section, and deputy chief, medicine service, at the Veterans Affairs Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Aurora.